Joseph Langrell - Gamekeeper.
Robert Cunningham at Mount Kennedy. Joseph Langrell – Gamekeeper – connections to Cappagh, Aughrim, Co. Wicklow.
Extract from ‘A topographical dictionary of Ireland’ by Samuel Lewis
NEWTOWN-MOUNT KENNEDY, a post-town, in the parish and barony of NEWCASTLE, County Wicklow, and the province of LEINSTER, 7 miles (N) from Wicklow and 17 (S.by E.) from Dublin: containing 825 inhabitants, The town is situated on the mail coach road from Dublin to Wexford, and owes its origins and its name to Alderman Kennedy, who was knighted in the reign of Charles 11, and obtained a grant of the manor. In the disturbances of 1798 it was the scene of a sharp skirmish between the insurgents and the King’s forces; the former, to the number of about 1000, variously armed, commenced an attack on the town, early in the morning of the 30th May, by burning some houses; but on advancing to the market-house, they were opposed by the little garrison, consisting of a detachment of the Ancient Briton cavalry, another of the Antrim militia, and some yeomen cavalry in all 100. In the first onset, the commander of the Ancient Britons was killed and captain and lieutenant of the yeomen severely wounded, but after some loss on both sides, the insurgents were totally routed.
The town is pleasantly situated on a declivity towards the east, in the centre of some of the most beautiful scenery in the country. It chiefly consists of one wide street, with a small market-house in the centre, which being disused as such for a long time in now call the court-house; 123 houses irregularly built, some slated, but the greater number low and thatched. The market, which was held on Friday, has been discontinued. Fairs are held on Feb 2nd, 5th June 29th August 15th Oct and Dec. 21st. Petty sessions are held on alternate Saturdays, and road sessions every quarter. It is also a constabulary police station. There is a fever hospital and dispensary, supported in the usual manner.
On an eminence near the northern entrance of the town, a church is in the progress of erection, as a chapel of ease to Newcastle, on a site given by Robert Gun Cunningham, Esq., the lord of the manor, who also contributed £100 towards the construction. It is in the later English style, and although not finished, divine service is performed in it. About 120 children are educated gratuitously in a school kept in the old market-house. The town has an excellent inn, as well as beautiful and romantic places in the country, such as the Glen of the Downs, Belview described under Delgany; Woodstock, under Newcastle; Dunran, Kiltimon and the Devils Glen under Killeskey and in its immediate vicinity are several fine mansions and elegant villas.
Mount Kennedy, formerly the residence of Sir. Richard Kennedy was purchased from his descendant by the late General Cunningham, who was afterwards raised to the peerage by the title Baron Rossmore and who expended upwards of £60,000 in plantations and other improvements, it is now the seat of R. Gun Cunningham, Esq. The house is a noble structure of ionic order, built after a design by Wyatt, from the portico on the western side is a fine prospect of highly ornamented grounds, closed in by the mountains in the distance: and from the eastern front another prospect equally rich in scenery and more extensive in scope, terminated by the sea; on the law grew an arbutus of extraordinary dimensions, which being shattered by a storm the arms, having been laid down and take root, serve by the extend of ground they spread over to convey an idea of the great size of the parent trunk; the demesne contains some very fine specimens of sweet chestnut, oak and ash, in the highest degree of vigour. In the hall are the fossil horns of a moose deer, found with several others at Kiltimon.
Joseph Langrell, Game Keeper.
My Langrell/Langrill family who settled in Wicklow had arrived in Ireland in the 1600s. Assumed to be Huguenots, before they arrived in Ireland it is unconfirmed whether they spent time in England or Scotland. The earliest Langrell birth I have found was in Kiltimon, Newcastle, Co. Wicklow in 1704 to Joseph and Mary who had a son James christened 18th March 1704 at Kiltimon, Newcastle.
In 1813 a Joseph Langrell, Newcastle, was granted a licence to hold firearms. Joseph’s occupation was as a gamekeeper on the Mount Kennedy Estate. Joseph had a brother George who was born in Newcastle in 1763. According to the Chelsea Pensioner’s records, George was a soldier fighting in Canada with the 98 on foot in 1818.
Gamekeeping on the large estates in Ireland and England in the 1700/1800s was one of the most responsible jobs for staff on the ground. The gamekeeper was responsible for the breeding of birds for shoots, for the breeding of deer, the killing and skinning of rabbits, training dogs etc. The gamekeeper was also responsible for destroying vermin and catching poachers. A gamekeeper had to be well trained in guns and had to have an excellent shot.
Mount Kennedy – (Newtownmountkennedy) Co. Wicklow.
In 1590 George Kennedy, a wealthy Dublin Merchant named his Estate in County Wicklow, Mount Kennedy. From 1590 to 1769 the estate remained in the Kennedy family. In 1769 Elizabeth Barker, who had inherited Mount Kennedy through a male Kennedy, sold the estate to Lieutenant General Robert Cunningham. Robert Cunningham was married to a Scots/Irish heiress Elizabeth Murray. Robert Cuningham, Scottish by birth, studied law. He was a military man who came to Ireland as a page to the Lord Lieutenant. Robert Cunningham also became an M.P. for Monaghan. He was the first Baron of Rossmore 1769-1796
In Wicklow, the Cunninghams built a new manor house on the vast Kennedy estate. Mount Kennedy House was built between 1782-1785. In 1801 Robert Cunningham died without leaving an heir. His wife’s nephew Warner William Westenra became the second Baron of Rossmore.
After the death of Robert Cunningham’s wife, the Kennedy Estate in Wicklow passed to Robert Cunningham’s niece Jean Gordon the wife of George Gun who assumed the name George Gun Cunningham in 1826. The couple had eight children. Their son Robert Gun Cunningham was born in 1792. Following the death of his father in 1827 he was the next Cunningham to inherit the Mount Kennedy Estate. In the 1800s amongst the land of over 10,000 acres held in Wicklow by Robert Gun Cunningham were the lands at Cappagh, Aughrim, totalling over 583 acres.
Joseph Langrell was born into the Langrell family at Newcastle, Wicklow in 1730 to unknown parents. By the second half of the 1700s, Joseph Langrell with his wife Eleanor was farming at Cappagh, Aughrim. Joseph Langrell (Langrele) died at Cappagh in 1808 he is buried in the Old Kilpipe burial ground. By the time of The Title Applotments books in 1823 William, Isaac and Richard Langrell were farming at Cappagh. In Griffith’s Valuations in 1847, another generation of the Langrells was farming at Cappagh. They included Isaac, Henry, John and Samuel Langrell. The lands, on the mountain and on the flat, was leased to them by Robert Gun Cunningham, Mount Kennedy who in 1849 was Deputy Lieutenant and High Sheriff of Wicklow.
The Mount Kennedy Estate would remain in the Gun Cunningham family until 1928. The lands at Cappagh once owned by the Cunninghams and leased by Langrells are now owned by the Langrell families where the farming tradition, which commenced in the 1700s, continues to this day.
Samuel’s son – Coachman at Johnstown Kennedy, Rathcoole, County Dublin.
A Baronet was created for Robert Kennedy, Mount Kennedy, Wicklow in 1665. A Baronet was created for John Kennedy, Johnstown Kennedy, Rathcoole, Dublin in 1836. The owner of Johnstown Kennedy, in 1750 was Charles Kennedy whose descendants held the 382-acre estate at Johnstown Kennedy, Rathcoole for over 200 years. It is now home to Beech Park Golf Club, Rathcoole.
In 1847 Samuel Langrell grandson of Joseph was farming at Cappagh, Aughrim. Samuel’s son John Langrill in 1854 married Mary Mooney in Athy Parish Church, Kildare. Sometime in the late 1800s, John Langrill and Mary (known as Martha) with their five children moved to a gate lodge on the Johnstown Kennedy Estate, at Rathcoole, where John worked as a coachman and Mary as a laundress. In 1898 their daughter Elizabeth married a coachman by the name of Alfred Canham, of English parents who was a Coachman at Sallymount Demense, Brannaxtown, Naas. By 1901 John Langrill had died. Mary and her three single daughters continued their laundry industry. In 1919 Mary died at Johnstown Kennedy. She was 91 years old. Mary is buried with her daughters in the Church of Ireland Churchyard Rathcoole. The Kennedy family rest in a crypt in the same churchyard.
Johnstown Kennedy Estate was the setting for the T.V. series The Irish R.M. The house was demolished in 1989.
Comments about this page
Great piece Maura, though some information is inaccurate. This is no fault of yours, but is misinformation that has been circulating for some time. Robert Kennedy was the original owner of Mount Kennedy. He was a legal clerk who was made a baronet in 1664. He was not a Dublin alderman. Further, ‘In 1590 George Kennedy, a wealthy Dublin Merchant named his Estate in County Wicklow, Mount Kennedy. From 1590 to 1769 the estate remained in the Kennedy family. In 1769 Elizabeth Barker, who had inherited Mount Kennedy through a male Kennedy,’ is also not true. Kennedy acquired his land from the local O’Byrnes and O’Cullens from 1625 through the 1630s. His son Richard was part of a delegation facilitating the return of Charles II in 1660, and he was rewarded with a knighthood, the estate was made a manor, and Robert a baronet. My book on these Kennedys will be out in the autumn.
My Grandfather Albert James Patrick Howell (AJP) was registered as being born at Mount Kennedy in 1876. Patrick is not a family name and we assume it was applied in recognition of the Irish connection. My father was named George Patrick, and I am Ian Patrick. My son is James Edward – no more Irish connection!
AJP’s father was a gamekeeper from the Bineham estate in East Sussex, owned by the Blencowe (or Blencoe) family who, I assume, were in Ireland for the shooting season. Who were the owners of Mount Kennedy at that time and did they have any interests in Sussex?
Absolutely brilliant piece of work Maura
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